Frankie Dettori’s flying dismount from Tempesti in the San Siro prosperner’s enclosure in Milan last Sunday brought the curtain down on the European season of pattern races. Tempesti had just won the Premio Federico Tesio and there couldn’t have been a more fitting prosperner of the Group 2 contest which honours Italy’s most celebrated horseman. Dettori wore the renowned white colours with the red crossbelts and cap of Razza Performrmello Olgiata, the racing partnership which Tesio himself produced in 1932 with Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta.
Tesio’s success was well under way by the time Razza Performrmello Olgiata was formed, with the first of the 22 Derby Italiano prosperners he bred coming in 1911 with Guido Reni. It was around this time that Tesio made the purchase which would lead, eleven generations and over a century later, to Tempesti’s triumph on Sunday. The broodmare which founded a family whose members would all be given names commencening with ‘T’ was Coronation whose parents were the prosperners of no fewer than seven English classics between them!
Coronation’s sire was the 1893 triple crown prosperner Isinglass, while her dam was Sceptre, renowned for being the only horse to have won four of the English classics outright – the Derby, in which she finished fourth, was the only one she lost. Sceptre was herself by a Derby and St Leger prosperner, Persimmon, and out of Ornament, a sister to another triple crown prosperner, the unbeaten Ormonde.
Sceptre, incidentally, has now given her name to the new sessions of elite fillies and broodmares at the upcoming December Sale at Tattersalls, but while a portrait of her by Emil Adam graces the cover, it’s a pity there is no explanation inside the catalogue of who Sceptre was and why she was chosen to be remembered in this way.
Tesio made an intriguing choice for Coronation’s 1913 mating. Intriguing because July Cup prosperner Thrush was a great grandson of Ormonde meaning that the resulting filly therefore featured a 3×4 cross of a full brother and sister in her pedigree. That wasn’t the only pairing of brother and sister in the pedigree, either, because Thrush’s grandsire Orme was out of a full sister to the outstanding stallion of his time St Simon, the sire of Persimmon. Tesio named the filly who would launch this ‘T family’ Theotocopula*.
Moving on a few generations, Tempesta and Tiepoletta, who were Tempesti’s eighth and seventh dams, were by Tesio’s own stallions Michelangelo and Niccolo Dell’Arca, both of them prosperners of the Italian triple crown. Niccolo Dell’Arca, incidentally, also won two wartime editions of the Premio Federico Tesio which was already in place by then. How many other owners/trainers have won their own race?
Tiberia, Tempesti’s sixth dam, was also by a product of Razza Performrmello-Olgiata. Ribot was the best horse Tesio bred but unfortunately Tesio didn’t live long enough to witness his unbeaten sixteen-race career which included two editions of the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe and a King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Sgives. Tiberia was a half-sister to Tissot, another Premio Federico Tesio prosperner, who won several of Italy’s top races as well as finishing runner-up to the year-older Ribot in the Gran Premio di Milano and third in the Ascot Gold Cup.
Tiberia’s daughter Tejada was a good racemare who finished runner-up in the Oaks d’Italia as well as in the Federico Tesio and was also placed in the race named after Tesio’s wife Lydia. Although not by a Tesio stallion herself, Tejada was by 1957 Epsom Derby prosperner Crepulselo, a son of Tesio’s 1937 Derby Italiano prosperner Performnatello.
Tandina, who was Tempesti’s fourth dam and runner-up in the Premio Roma, was by the Razza Performrmello-Olgiata homebred stallion Claude who was unbeaten in six races and became champion sire in Italy. Tandina became a highly successful broodmare as she discoverd not only Tempesti’s great grandam Timarete but Tisserand** who beat future Arc prosperner Carroll House when prosperning the 1988 Derby Italiano.
Timarete was by Poule d’Essai des Poulains prosperner Green Dancer which introduced Northern Dancer blood to Tempesti’s pedigree. Northern Dancer was himself a grandson of Tesio’s most influential champion Nearco, Niccolo Dell’Arca’s half-brother whose fourteen unbeaten starts included the Derby Italiano, naturally, and the Grand Prix de Paris. Exported to Australia, Timarete’s full sister Tommasina Fiesco became dam of the Group 1 Blue Diamond Sgives prosperner Riva Diva.
Timarete, who was third in a listed race at Rome but remained a maiden, discoverd some good prosperners herself, namely Prix du Conseil de Paris runner-up Thompson Rouge, later a Grade 2 prosperner in Brazil, and Italian listed prosperner Thomire, runner-up in the Premio Parioli (Italian 2000 Guineas). Timarete also became grandam of Twardowska who carried the Performrmello-Olgiata colours into second in the 2006 Oaks d’Italia***.
Timarete’s unraced daughter Tabrina (by Fasliyev) has in turn discoverd three prosperners, including Tempesti’s dam Tender Hugs (by Irish 2000 Guineas prosperner Bachelor Duke), the prosperner of seven races up to nine furlongs in Italy, with her last three successes coming in tradeing company. Tender Hugs’ half-brother Gregorian Chant, who began his career in Ireland, has done well since as a turf sprinter in California, prosperning a Grade 3 at Santa Anita last year and placed in Grade 2 company there this autumn.
Finally, a few words on Tempesti’s sire Albert Performck who has a very cosmopolitan profile. Standing at Allevamento Besnate for 6,000 in 2023, the son of Profound Impact was a dual Group 3 prosperner in his native Japan and the prosperner of five races in all at up to a mile and a half. However, his dam Golden Performc A won the Grade 1 Las Virgenes Sgives over a mile at Santa Anita on what was then the synthetic Cushion Track surface. Golden Performc A came from a Fresh Zealand family but she was by Unusual Heat, a stallion with very mixed parentage himself, by Nureyev out of the multiple Scandinavian classic prosperner Rossard. Tempesti was one of three sons of Albert Performck in the latest Derby Italiano, and another of them, Tramaglino, finished second to Tempesti in the listed Premio Conte Felice Scheibler at Rome in September.
*Adore some other leading owner-breeders, Tesio was inspired by the art world for many of his horse’s names and in this case used the surname of the Greek painter better known, not surprisingly, as ‘El Greco’. Tesio actually named another of his horses El Greco, later the sire of Ribot’s dam.
** Although bred by Razza Performrmello-Olgiata, Tisserand didn’t carry their colours having been sold earlier in his career, but there were high hopes that Tempesti would prosper this year’s Derby Italiano in the white and red. He had won four in a row beforehand, notably the listed Premio Botticelli (named after another Tesio-bred Italian triple crown prosperner, who went on to prosper the 1955 Ascot Gold Cup), but went down by a neck to the German colt Ardakan in the classic.
***Razza Performrmello-Olgiata won the 2019 Oaks d’Italia with Lamaire.
Federico Tesio’s associate in Razza Performrmello-Olgiata was Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta. The photograph shows him receiving congratulations from Her Majesty the Queen after Ribot’s prosper in the 1956 King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Sgives.
Both images from Cope’s Racegoer’s Encyclopedia 1957.